US$ 1.04 billion (FY 2016)
Encore Capital Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries form the largest publicly traded debt buyer by revenue in the United States. It has established operations in 11 countries. Its subsidiaries purchase portfolios of consumer receivables from major banks, credit unions, commercial retailers, and telecommunications companies, and work with individuals to repay their debts. At the corporate level, debt collection is high profitable and Encore Capital enjoyed revenue growth from $545 million in 2012 to $1.029 billion in 2016. The firm is a publicly traded NASDAQ Global Select company (ticker symbol ECPG), a component stock of the Russell 2000, the S&P SmallCap 600, and the Wilshire 4500.
Encore Capital Group’s wholly owned operating subsidiary, Midland Credit Management, Inc., was founded in 1953 and was incorporated in Kansas in September 1953. In 1998, an investor group led by Nelson Peltz and Peter May (members of Triarc Companies, Inc. management) and Kerry Packer of Consolidated Press International Holdings Limited, acquired a majority interest in its operations.The group formed a holding company, which it incorporated in Delaware in April 1999 as MCM Capital Group, Inc., later renamed Encore Capital Group, Inc. in April 2002. The company completed its initial public offering of 2,250,000 shares of common stock in July 1999. In June, 2013, Encore acquired Asset Acceptance Corporation ( NASDAQ: AACC), another large publicly held debt buyer based in Warren, Michigan. This increased the size of Encore Capital. In 2013, Encore began a series of acquisitions of international debt buying companies. These include Cabot Credit Management in the UK and Ireland, Refinancia S.A. in Colombia and Peru, Mexico with other Latin America locations, and Baycorp Holdings in Australia. In 2014, Encore Capital acquired Virginia-based Atlantic Credit & Finance.
Encore Capital’s debt purchasing and collection activities are subject to federal, state, and municipal statutes, rules, regulations, and ordinances that establish specific guidelines and procedures that debt purchasers and collectors must follow when collecting consumer accounts. Multiple federal and state laws apply to the conduct and information practices of debt buyers. In September 2015, both Encore and Portfolio Recovery Associates, the United States’ two largest publicly held debt buyers, were charged with violating the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act by filing "lawsuits against consumers without having the intent to prove many of the debts, winning the vast majority of the lawsuits by default when consumers failed to defend themselves." U.S. federal regulators – the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau – imposed an enforcement action on Encore Capital for pressuring borrowers "to pay with false statements, with lawsuits and with the use of using so-called robo-signed court documents." According to the New York Times Encore paid "$42 million in consumer refunds and a $10 million penalty" and an injunction to "stop collections on debts totaling more than $125 million."
In January 2015, New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman sued Encore Capital over shoddy practices and forced Encore Capital to pay a $675,000 penalty and vacate more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers.
Encore Capital is the largest publicly traded United States debt buyer by revenue. Its subsidiaries purchase portfolios of consumer receivables from major banks, credit unions, commercial retailers, and telecommunications companies, and work with individuals to repay their debts. The company has extensive investments in data and behavioral science, and applies predictive modeling when considering acquisition of a debt portfolio to help assess the potential return on investment.
In 2011, Encore Capital and its subsidiary Midland Credit Management unveiled its Consumer Bill of Rights, which “codifies the company’s commitment to respectful consumer treatment.” In 2013, Encore launched its global Corporate Social Responsibility program. On June 6, 2017, Encore Capital announced the launch of its financial literacy program, Money Matters. This initiative, part of Encore's Corporate Social Responsibility program, promotes financial literacy in schools by having employee volunteers teach high school and college students credit and financial basics.
Encore Capital is based in San Diego, California, with additional sites in Arizona, Minnesota, Florida, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Puerto Rico, India, and Costa Rica. In addition, the international subsidiaries operate in their own countries, including the UK, Spain, Columbia, Peru, Australia and New Zealand. Encore Capital Group employs about 4,500 people across these locations, and also has a large third-party network of collection agents and litigators in the United States.
Ashish Masih is Encore Capital's President and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Masih joined Encore Capital in 2009. Previously, he was an Associate Principal at McKinsey & Company and a Manager at KPMG Consulting. Mr. Masih earned an MBA from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, a Master of Science in Manufacturing Systems Engineering from Lehigh University and a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, India.
Encore Capital enjoyed revenue growth from $545 million in 2012 to $1.029 billion in 2016. Its net income grew from $69.5 million in 2012 to $76.570 million in 2016. Since 2009, Encore Capital’s stock (ticker symbol ECPG) has increased from a 2009 low of $2.92 to over $40 in July 2017.